A customer on a quest to find the lowest-carbon siding recently stopped by to ask about our cedar. In our discussion with him, we were pleased to deduce that our FSC 100%, locally harvested Western Red Cedar siding is, from a carbon-mitigation viewpoint, as green as it gets.
During the siding selection process, a few considerations can help determine the most sustainable, lowest carbon materials:
- The source of raw materials used to produce it
- The energy required to produce/manufacture it
- Total life cycle (what happens at the end of its lifespan?)
- The transportation required to get it to you
Some in-vogue options, like fiber cement board, can add insulation and reduce a building's operating energy costs, but the energy required to produce cement products is so high, and so much transportation is required to ferry around the raw materials and then the finished product, that the net effect is high-carbon.
Wood options generally require much less energy to produce, tipping the scales in favor of forest products. However, some classic wood siding choices are not particularly green. The cedar shingles that clad many older homes demand large diameter (read: old growth) trees to produce; and many well-meaning but mistaken designers often specify "clear vertical grain" cedar products that also require the harvest of old growth trees.
Our locally sourced, FSC 100% Western Red Cedar siding provides the perfect antidote to these design dilemmas. We work with a local sawmill that buys its logs from nearby forest restoration projects like the Forest Grove watershed restoration project and the Nature Conservancy's Ellsworth Creek Preserve.
These projects are designed to improve the health of the forest, enabling a return to old growth conditions that were lost decades ago after the first clear cut. (This isn't greenwashing; click the links above to learn more about these excellent restoration programs.)
The logs procured from these restoration projects are second- or third-growth, smaller diameter trees that produce Select Tight Knot grade cedar products, a very high grade with much beauty and durability.
These smaller trees are ideal for tongue-and-groove, bevel, and ship-lap style planks, which require minimal energy resources to mill.
In spite of its decades-long lifespan, cedar is of course biodegradable, taking care of the end-of-life problems that plague vinyl, cement board, and other manufactured siding products.
And because all of our cedar is sourced from forests less than 100 miles from Portland, the carbon costs associated with transporting the materials are minimal, relative to other materials.
Photos below: FSC 100% Western Red Cedar siding, select tight knot
Photo at bottom: Cedar finished with the shou sugi ban charring technique
Our live-edge maple slabs are remarkable not just for their size and their beautiful grain patterns, but also for the way in which they come to us:
Generally cut and left as collateral damage from agricultural or timber harvest operations, these maple logs are too big to go to a regular lumber mill. In our post-old growth era, most sawmills have been sized for smaller diameter trees, and logs measuring 20" or more across are simply too big for most mills to bother with.
Instead, these grand trees end up at pulp yards, where the incredible grain patterns, impressive sizes, and rich history of these trees become fodder for the paper-making process. Yes, that's right: these mighty old hardwoods are on the path to becoming paper.
Luckily, our sawyer stalks the pulp yards and rescues the biggest and most beautiful logs, then saws them up into unique and beautiful live-edge slabs, diverting this valuable wood from the waste stream.
These big leaf maple slabs have the warm, rich color for which this species is known, with incredible luster and frequent quilting, curl, and other special grain patterns.
We stock 10/4 live-edge maple slabs in a variety of widths and lengths, each with its own one-of-a-kind grain pattern and edge detail. We can also provide custom sizes for special projects.
Visit our warehouse today and pick out the slab for your special project!
Photo above left: This giant hardwood log is saved from destruction at a pulp yard in the Willamette Valley.
Photo above right: A 36" diameter big leaf maple log awaits the saw and kiln after its rescue from the pulp mill. Many of our slabs still have their moss clinging to the live edges.
Above: Big leaf maple slabs are used extensively throughout the new Danner Boot store at Union Way in Portland.
Above: This one-of-a-kind coffee table by Portland woodworker and carpenter Paul Johnson shows off the exceptional grain patterns for which maple is known.
Above: A transparent stain adds depth and sophistication to this conference table, built by Windfall Lumber.
From fences to planter boxes, juniper is a versatile species that can be used in many applications. We enjoy using this sustainable wood in new ways and helping promote its harvest in Central and Eastern Oregon.
With this in mind, let us introduce our new Juniper Butcher Block! We're stocking these pre-made butcher block panels in a variety of lengths and can customize them to suit your unique projects.
Plus, this butcher block option is quite affordable!
Here are the specifications:
Kiln-dried juniper from restoration projects in Central Oregon
Stocked sizes 1 1/2" x 26 1/2" x lengths up to 8'
Custom sizes up to 48" x 16'
Unfinished, with square edges
Sanded to 120-grit finish
Last month, Governor Kitzhaber officially designated the Western Juniper Utilization Group as an Oregon Solutions project.
This means that state funding will be designated to help "unlock the potential of rangeland restoration and juniper harvested from public and private lands," according to Oregon Solutions.
The goal is to spur landscape restoration and economic development in rural communities.
Sustainable Northwest Wood is proud to participate with this group, which will be active in 13 juniper-afflicted Oregon counties.
Members of the group will work with a variety of private businesses, environmental groups, and government agencies to seek solutions to the problem of juniper's spread. They will also develop a statewide marketing plan to help support landscape restoration efforts and make this beautiful, durable wood more widely available.
Click here to read media coverage about the group and its plan of action, and visit Oregon Solution's Western Juniper Utilization Group webpage here.
From the Portland Tribune, August 15, 2013
By Steve Law
Here's a link to the original article.
Want to buy sustainably produced lumber for your new deck or house?
It’s not as simple as you’d think.
For years, a debate has raged among supporters of two competing programs that certify wood products were harvested and milled in a sustainable manner.
The Forest Stewardship Council formed in the early 1990s, when environmentalists alarmed by deforestation of tropical forests teamed with industry leaders in Europe to set ecological standards for the cutting and milling of timber. They created the FSC product label to assure consumers those standards were met.
In response, big timber companies in the American Forest and Paper Association created a more lenient certification system, enabling their products to be stamped with the rival Sustainable Forestry Initiative or SFI label.
Many environmentalists, especially the advocacy group ForestEthics, denounce the SFI as greenwashing — giving a green veneer to timber-cutting practices that degrade forests. ForestEthics pressures retail chains to stop carrying SFI-certified wood and paper products.
The fight has ensnared the U.S. Green Building Council and its widely used LEED rating system.
Developers only earn LEED credits for using sustainably harvested wood if it meets or beats FSC standards. Big timber companies, partly shut out of the green building market, have lobbied the Green Building Council — in vain — to accept SFI certification. Turning up the political heat, timber companies have prodded Congress and some states to dump the use of LEED rating systems altogether for government buildings.
Some politicians, such as U.S. Rep. Kurt Schrader, D-Canby, say the green building exclusion for SFI could punish Oregon’s timber industry, because it’s the predominant certification system here, with 3.2 million acres compared to 566,929 acres for FSC.
Many academics and government foresters are avoiding the fight, arguing that both certification systems improve forest practices and can reasonably claim to promote forest sustainability.
But the two camps have decidedly different notions of forest sustainability.
The FSC uses a more robust conservation-based approach to preserving forest ecosystems, says Bob Van Dyk, forest policy manager for the Wild Salmon Center in Portland.
FSC’s national board includes leaders of the World Wildlife Fund and The Nature Conservancy, and it’s endorsed by the Sierra Club and Greenpeace.
In contrast, the SFI is tailored to support the ongoing use of forests to produce timber. Supporters argue that if forests produce ongoing jobs in the woods and revenues from timber-cutting, that thwarts pressure to convert forest lands into subdivisions or other developments.
“The key to this whole thing is we have generations of wood coming up for our kids,” says Bob Luoto, an SFI board member from McMinnville who runs a logging and trucking company.
Though both certification systems arguably help preserve forests, the differences between the two are large enough to drive a log truck through.
Differences are clear cut
The FSC, as it applies in Oregon, generally restricts clear-cuts to 6 acres, says Mike Cloughesy, forestry director for the Oregon Forest Resources Institute, a Portland agency created by the Legislature that’s funded by the timber industry and designed to nurture it.
SFI allows clear-cuts that can average up to 120 acres — which can mean one clear-cut of 2 acres plus another of 238 acres — says Ryan Temple, president of Sustainable Northwest Wood, a Southeast Portland lumber yard that only sells wood that meets or exceeds FSC standards.
Cloughesy points out that clear-cuts larger than 120 acres are not allowed in Oregon under the state's forest practices rules, though larger clear-cuts are allowed in SFI-certified forests in Washington and some other states.
FSC bans persistent and hazardous pesticides and herbicides, Temple says, while some are permitted under SFI. Atrazine, an herbicide banned in Europe and by the FSC, is sprayed by helicopter in Oregon forests certified under SFI, he says.
“That herbicide ends up in a stream,” says Steve Pedery, conservation director for Oregon Wild in Portland. “That may be a salmon-bearing stream. It’s probably a stream that drains into somebody’s water supply.”
FSC bars the use of genetically modified organisms, which are allowed by SFI.
FSC also forbids converting a forest from a diverse ecosystem into one planted with a single species such as Douglas fir, which is permitted by SFI.
Critics say SFI merely sets standards that timber operations in Oregon already must meet under the Oregon Forest Practices Act.
“It’s just a straight-out agricultural model and not a biological or ecological model,” Van Dyk says.
Initially at least, SFI was “straight greenwashing” designed to give the timber industry “green cover,” Van Dyk says. “As I look at lands that are managed in Oregon under the SFI brand, I’m not comforted that there are strong conservation standards.”
However, he acknowledges the system has improved over the years in response to criticism.
Pedery says SFI may bring “marginal improvements” to forest management in some cases, but he thinks the greenwashing label is fair. “The impression given to the consumer is they bought a sustainably produced piece of wood for their home,” he says. “I don’t think anyone should look at it as a green seal.”
SFI supporters say environmentalists don’t get that timber companies must earn profits to keep the industry thriving here. For timber companies to be competitive in Western Oregon forests, Luoto and other SFI supporters say, they need to rely on clear-cutting and herbicides.
Clear-cutting is a cheaper way to harvest timber. Spraying herbicides on the cleared land allows companies to replant with Douglas firs that grow without competition from other trees and shrubs. Douglas firs won’t regrow if they don’t get sunlight, Luoto says.
“In Western Oregon, especially in the Coast Range, it’s really hard to manage for production without any use of herbicides,” Cloughesy says. “When the industry manages (forest land) under SFI, they manage it as a plantation.”
Without clear-cutting and herbicides, he says, Oregon companies couldn’t compete with their counterparts in New Zealand, Chile and China.
When a consumer sees an SFI-certified product at a store, they are assured the timber company met Oregon’s strict laws to protect wildlife, streams and other environmental assets, Luoto says. While that may mean they didn’t exceed Oregon standards, he says, Idaho, Georgia and other states have more lax environmental laws. Since SFI has one national standard, that means lumber sold at a local Home Depot, produced by Portland-based Stimson Lumber Co. from Idaho timber land, met Oregon’s higher standards, Luoto says.
SFI also requires independent audits of forest practices, something not required by Oregon to assure its laws are followed, Luoto says. SFI also requires loggers and foresters to undergo 32 hours of training, including sessions on state environmental requirements, Luoto says.
SFI also undergoes periodic reviews of its standards, and will come out with revisions in 2015, Luoto says.
Temple says the SFI label and its lower standards creates “market confusion” for consumers, but he doesn’t view it as greenwashing. “It’s more the notion of ‘we’ll replant; we want to make sure that there’s always trees there,’ ” he says.
“SFI is a step in the right direction,” Temple says, while FSC might be three steps in the right direction. “There’s room for continuous improvement in any system like this.”
From the Portland Tribune, August 15, 2013
By Steve Law
Here's a link to the original article.
There’s no need to scrutinize the fine print to assure you’re buying sustainably cut timber at the inner Southeast Portland lumber yard run by Ryan Temple.
Every piece sold at Sustainable Northwest Wood must meet or exceed the standards set by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), the world’s most respected “green seal” for wood products. Half the wood comes from Oregon, and Temple enjoys telling personal stories about the origin of his inventory, much as restaurateurs do when serving local meat and produce.
Shoppers at the 7,500-square-foot lumber yard a few blocks south of OMSI might find cedar cut from a Girl Scout property in Stevenson, Wash., a Nature Conservancy site in Willapa Bay, Wash. or from the city of Forest Grove’s watershed.
None of the plywood contains urea formaldehyde, so it won’t release carcinogenic fumes.
The bulk of the inventory was cut by major Oregon timber companies such as Roseburg Forest Products or Collins Companies, in forests and mills where they've committed to meet or exceed FSC standards. Some comes from small operations like family-run Zena Forest Products west of Salem.
Sustainable Northwest Wood offers butcher block tables, landscape timbers and other products made from juniper, which has grown out of control in Eastern Oregon and needs to be pared back to enable environmental restoration. Temple is part of a concerted campaign to create a market for juniper products.
The nonprofit Sustainable Northwest opened the lumber yard four and a half years ago at the peak of the Great Recession. Temple says it was quite a risk, as it’s the only exclusively green lumber yard of its kind in the country that he knows. Sustainably harvested wood generally costs about 10 percent more, he says.
The five-employee business is now turning a profit, with $1.5 million in sales for 2012-13, up 25 percent from the prior fiscal year.
Temple estimates 10 percent of the wood sold in Oregon is now FSC-certified. “If you asked me the same question five years ago, the answer would have been 1 percent.”
"Exquisite" is the word a local designer used to describe these plywood panels when he was privy to a sneak peek last week.
We're happy to introduce them to you this month and share the amazing story behind them:
The walnut veneers used in these panels are from a single large tree that was salvaged in Douglas County, Oregon. This antique tree was brought to Oregon by some of our state's first settlers, who hoped to recreate the familiar landscape of the East Coast and reap an annual bounty of nuts. More than a century later, the walnut tree succumbed to old age and had to be removed from the property before it caused damage or injury.
This one special log yielded beautiful veneers that we pressed onto FSC Certified, NAUF cores (also manufactured in Oregon).
Certification: FSC Certified, NAUF
Available thicknesses: 1/4", 1/2", and 3/4" (1/4" on MDF, 1/2" and 3/4" on plywood)
Panel size: 4' x 8'
Veneers: 1/40" thick
Grade: Both sides with "A" grade veneers: Book-matched planks with vertical grain on one side, random-matched planks on other side
Please contact us for pricing and samples.
Ever since we introduced our line of hardwood butcher blocks last fall, they've been flying out the warehouse and into homes and businesses throughout the Pacific Northwest.
And it's no wonder! They're available quickly and easily, in standard stocked sizes or in custom dimensions to suit your unique project. Plus these countertops are as eco-friendly as they come: They're made from locally-harvested wood that is either FSC certified or comes from salvaged sources.
Quick and easy: Our in-stock butcher block is available in five different local, sustainable wood options and is sized to fit a standard kitchen cabinet.
Super affordable pricing: Contact us for current pricing.
High quality: Our butcher block is built to last with kiln-dried hardwood and is glued up with FDA-approved, non-formaldehyde adhesives.
- FSC Big Leaf Maple (from Chehalis, Washington)
- Oregon White Oak (Zena Forest, Willamette Valley)
- Salvaged Walnut (Backyard salvage projects, Willamette Valley)
- Madrone (Salvage, Umpqua Valley)
- FSC Doug Fir (from either our Zigzag collection or from the Umpqua Valley)
- Juniper (Grassland restoration projects in Central and Eastern Oregon)
- Myrtle (Salvage, Umpqua Valley)
- And other species for custom orders!
In-stock sizes: 1 1/2" x 26 1/2" x lengths 48" to 120"
Photo at top: FSC Big Leaf Maple shows off tasty pastries at Miss Zumstein's in Portland.
Photos at bottom: FSC Big Leaf Maple was customized for this retail space; an extra-long madrone slab adds a warm touch to this restaurant bar.
Cellar Ridge Construction, the McMinnville-based custom home builder, is a big fan of juniper. They've used it for a number of unique applications, giving their finished projects a distinctive look and the decades of durability that this rot-resistant wood promises.
Earlier this year, a homeowner transforming her patio wanted something distinctive and slightly rustic that would help her property visually tie into the wooded parkland behind her home. Naturally, Cellar Ridge chose juniper for the decking, siding, structural timbers, and raised beds.
For a LEED Platinum remodel completed last year in Dundee, Cellar Ridge used massive juniper beams to add authenticity and attitute to the Mediterranean-style home. The juniper lends an incomparable look to the home, especially with its dramatic dark stain.
Photo at Top: Juniper is used for the decking, raised beds, siding, hand rails, and structural supports of this welcoming patio in McMinnville.
Photo at Bottom: Juniper beams frame the entrance and enhance the eaves on this charming Mediterranean casa in Dundee.
Though we are supportive of all our local Forest Stewardship Council certified businesses, we feel that those who were FSC certified "before certification was cool" deserve special mention. The Collins Companies has been based in Portland since 1918. Operating 4 mills in the Pacific Northwest, this family-owned company has been an important member of our community for generations.
Their commitment to place is matched by their commitment to sustainability: The Collins forests began implementing advanced sustainability practices nearly 100 years ago, and 20 years ago their forest and mill in Chester, CA became the very first to achieve FSC certification in North America.
The management of their forests has earned Collins accolades from groups including the Sierra Club, and the forests continue to provide habitat for a diverse number of species including Chinook salmon, black bears, beavers, mink and marmots, and many kinds of birds, reptiles and amphibians.
Like an oenophile waiting for special vintages, Sustainable Northwest Wood snatches up Douglas Fir lumber from Collins mills as often as we can.
The load of beautiful wane-free "Appearance Grade" lumber that just arrived at our warehouse demonstrates that quality, sustainability, and fair pricing can all come in the same package.
This month we're pleased to announce that our FSC lumber priced are considerably lower than the highs hit earlier this year. Be sure to contact us about bidding your next project with FSC wood!
Photo at top: Collins' Almanor forest is home to a diverse range of plant and animal species.
Photo at right: The Collins lumber mill in Chester, CA sits on the shore of Lake Almanor. This mill and the forest that surrounds it were the first to achieve FSC certification in North America.